Union Government Shortlists 20 Cities Under Smart Cities Mission
The Union Ministry of Urban Development, on January 28, 2016, announced 20 cities from 11 States and National Capital Territory of Delhi in the list of the first batch of Smart Cities Mission. These shortlisted cities were selected from Smart City Challenge competition in which 98 cities and towns had participated from 23 States and UTs. These first 20 smart cities will be receiving the fund for the development of first 20 smart cities across India. It was the most ambitious
project of PM Mr. Narendra Modi’s flagship 100 Smart City Mission. The next two years will see the inclusion of 40 and 38 cities, respectively. Among the shortlisted 20 Smart Cities, 3 are from Madhya Pradesh, 2 each is from Maharashtra, Rajasthan Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Gujarat and Andhra Pradesh and 1 each from Odisha, Kerala, Delhi (NCT), Assam and Punjab.
20 shortlisted smart cities (Rank-wise) are—Bhubaneswar, Odisha; Pune, Maharashtra; Jaipur, Rajasthan; Surat, Gujarat; Kochi, Kerala; Ahmedabad, Gujarat; Jabalpur, Madhya Pradesh; Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh; Solapur, Maharashtra; Davangere, Karnataka; Indore, Madhya Pradesh; New Delhi Municipal Corporation; Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu; Kakinada, Andhra Pradesh; Belagavi, Karnataka; Udaipur, Rajasthan; Guwahati, Assam; Chennai, Tamil Nadu; Ludhiana, Punjab; and Bhopal, Madhya Pradesh.
A ‘smart city’ is an urban region that is highly advanced in terms of overall infrastructure, sustainable real estate, communications and market viability. It is a city where Information Technology is the principal infrastructure and the basis for providing essential services to residents. There are many technological platforms involved, including but not limited to automated sensor networks and data centers.
Some of the parameters on the basis of which the decision was taken are feasibility, result orientation, citizen participation, smartness of proposals etc. These 20 smart cities will get the funds first to kick-start their development process. With a per-city allocation of Rs. 100 crore for each of the five years of the mission period, the Central assistance to the mission is around Rs 50,000 crore.
These cities will be developed to have basic infrastructures such as assured water and power supply, sanitation and solid waste management, efficient urban mobility and public transport, IT connectivity, e-governance, and citizen participation. Of the 98 cities and towns that five years down will graduate into smart cities, 24 are capital cities, another 24 are business and industrial centers, 18 are culture and tourism-influenced areas, five are port cities and three are education and health-care hubs.